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Browsing: Saṃgrahaṇī and Karma-granthas (Or. 2137 ms. B)

Image: Bandha-svāmitva ends

Title: Bandha-svāmitva ends

The British Library Board
Or. 2137 ms. B
Date of creation:
Folio number:
20 verso
Total number of folios:
40 (Europ. fol.: 14-54)
Place of creation:
western India
26.5 x 11 cms
CC0 1.0 (Creative Commons Public Domain)
Image copyright: Creative Commons Public Domain


This manuscript is a remarkable anthology of 14 texts dealing with cosmology and with the theory of karma as expressed in the Śvetāmbara tradition. The collection includes a classic like the Saṃgrahaṇī-ratna, but also less well-known works such as the so-called 'old' karma-granthas and verse commentariesbhāṣyas – on the latter. These texts are rare in the manuscript tradition and are mainly addressed to specialists in karma theory.

The Bandha-svāmitvaBinding of Karman – here is the 'old' one in 55 Prakrit verses, the author of which is unknown. The well-known work of the same name written by Devendra in the 13th century has replaced it to some extent.


'Karmic bondage'. This refers to the period when the karma has entered the soul and lies dormant before producing its effect or coming to fruition.
Action or act, thought of as physical in Jainism. Created by mental or physical action, karma enters the soul, which then needs religious restraints and practices to make it flow out. Karma can be both:
  • negative – deriving from harmful acts
  • positive – arising from beneficial actions.
Both types of karma trap a soul in continual rebirth. A pan-Indian concept, karma has extremely complex, detailed and technical divisions and subdivisions in Jainism.
Set of specialised treatises in Prākrit dealing with the doctrine, process and categories of karma. Their style is concise and mnemonic and they have given birth to many commentaries.
'White-clad’ in Sanskrit, the title of one of the two main divisions of Jainism, in which both male and female mendicants wear white robes. There are some differences of doctrine or belief between these two sects and to some extent their followers consider themselves as belonging to distinct branches. Divisions can be fierce in practical matters, for example, over the ownership of pilgrimage places, but all sects see themselves as Jains.
A term for any of the dead vernacular languages of ancient and medieval India. It may be contrasted with classical Sanskrit, the language used by priests and the aristocracy. The Jains used a large variety of Prakrits, with the Jain canon written chiefly in Ardhamāgadhī Prākrit.
An essay explaining a text. Commentaries on the scriptures are common in the Jain tradition and there are various types, including the:
  • bālāvabodha
  • bhāṣya
  • cūrṇi
  • niryukti
  • ṭīkā.
A type of commentary on Jain scriptures. It may be either:
  • Prākrit verse commentary on Śvetāmbara texts
  • Sanskrit prose commentary on a Sanskrit work, such as the Tattvārtha-sūtra.

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