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Browsing: Victory banner (IM 89-1936)

Image: Victory banner – elephant detail

Title: Victory banner – elephant detail

Source:
Victoria and Albert Museum
Shelfmark:
IM 89-1936
Author:
unknown
Date of creation:
1447
Total number of folios:
not applicable
Place of creation:
western India
Language:
not applicable
Medium:
watercolour on cloth
Size:
86 x 59.4 cms
Copyright:
V&A Images/Victoria and Albert Museum, London
JAINpedia Copyright Information

Background

Jain yantras are used as meditation aids and are formed of complex diagrams that combine all or some of the following:

Yantras are either paintings on paper or cloth or metal objects. Very few of this type have survived. They are generally used by mendicants and are associated with rituals relating to their promotion in the religious hierarchy.

Glossary

Mantra
A sacred sound, syllable, word or phrase that is believed to produce spiritual change if recited correctly. A mantra can be recited aloud or silently, and is often repeated. Mantras are closely associated with religions that originated in India, such as Hinduism and Buddhism as well as Jainism. The chief Jain mantra is the Namaskāra-mantra, which is recited daily, while another mantra very popular in Indian culture generally is Auṃ.
Rite
A sequence of actions that must be followed to perform a religious ceremony. The set of actions is largely symbolic, for example offering food to statues symbolises sacrificing to a deity. The ritual actions are often accompanied by set phrases.
Yantra
Sanskrit for 'instrument' or 'machine', a yantra is a mystical diagram used in religious rituals. Yantras are typically formed of symmetrical, concentric circles and may also have the diagram of a lotus in the middle of numerous squares. Containing the names of the Jinas and sacred mantras, such as oṃ, yantras are meditation aids.

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