Glossary

Jina
Type of termDefinition
TermJina
Alternative TermsTīrthaṃkara, Tīrthaṅkara, Spiritual Victor, Ford-maker, Fordmaker, Victor, Jinas, Tīrthaṃkaras, Tīrthaṅkaras
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Long Description

A 'victor' in Sanskrit, a Jina is an enlightened human being who has triumphed over karma and teaches the way to achieve liberation. A synonym for Tīrthaṃkara, which means 'ford-maker' or one who has founded a community after reaching omniscience through asceticism. The most famous 24 – Ṛṣabha to Mahāvīra – were born in the Bharata-kṣetra of the middle world, but more are found in other continents. There have been Jinas in the past and there will be some in the future.

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