Glossary

Caste
Type of termDefinition
TermCaste
Alternative Termscastes, caste system
Replaced with-
Short Description-
Long Description

Hindu society is traditionally divided into numerous jātis or classes, which are usually grouped into the four varṇas – often called 'castes' – of:

  • Brāhmaṇa – priest
  • Kṣatriya – warrior
  • Vaśya – merchant or farmer
  • Śūdra – labourer.

Relating to ritual purity, castes are hereditary and probably based on occupation. Members of different castes performed particular socio-economic roles and did not mix or eat the same food. People outside the caste system were usually looked down upon.

Term Language-
http://www.jainpedia.org/resources/glossary.html?cHash=f2171ad4bf6da4890168963d16819b3c&tx_contagged%5Bsource%5D=default&tx_contagged%5Buid%5D=1991 - All text is © JAINpedia / Institute of Jainology 2017 under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 licence The Jain universe online at www.jainpedia.org

Unless images are explicitly stated as either public domain or licensed under a Creative Commons licence, all images are copyrighted. See individual images for details of copyright.