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'Affliction’, used especially for mendicants, who have to overcome the 22 traditional afflictions or hardships that could shake their commitment:

  • hunger
  • thirst
  • cold
  • heat
  • biting insects
  • nudity
  • displeasure
  • women
  • wandering
  • erratic life
  • lodging
  • abuses
  • strikes and blows
  • begging
  • not getting alms
  • disease
  • pricks and itching
  • dirt
  • good treatment
  • knowledge
  • ignorance
  • faith
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