Glossary

Vrata
Type of termDefinition
TermVrata
Alternative Termsvrat, Vow, Vows, vow, vows, Vratas, Vrats
Replaced with-
Short Description-
Long Description

Vows are extremely important in Jain religious life. Mendicants take the compulsory Five Great Vows – mahā-vratas – as part of their initiation – dīkṣā

Lay people can choose to take 12 vows, which are divided into:

  • aṇu-vratas – 'Five Lesser Vows'
  • guṇa-vratas – three supplementary vows
  • śikṣā-vratas – four vows of spiritual discipline

All of these vows are lifelong and cannot be taken back. The sallekhana-vrata is a supplementary vow to fast to death, open to both ascetics and householders. 

See also
Term Language-
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