Seven fields of donation
Type of termDefinition
TermSeven fields of donation
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An ‘exceptional lay man’ – mahāśrāvaka – can make religious gifts in the seven 'fields' of:

  1. image
  2. temple
  3. scripture
  4. male mendicant
  5. female mendicant
  6. lay man
  7. lay woman.

Contemporary Śvetāmbara mūrti-pūjaka Jains classify donations in these ways but in a hierarchy that is not found in the original Yoga-śāstra of Hemacandra. This hierarchy means that donations in a lower field can be ‘invested’ in higher ones, but not the other way around.

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