Type of termDefinition
Alternative TermsNamaskar mantra, Namaskara mantra, Navakāramantra, Navakaramantra, Navakāra-mantra, Navakar mantra, Navakār-mantra, Navakarmantra, Navkār-mantra, Navkar-mantra, Navkārmantra, Navkarmantra, Navkar mantra, Navkarmantra, Namokar mantra, Namokarmantra, Pañca-namaskāra-mantra
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Short Description-
Long Description

Sanskrit for 'homage formula', the Namaskāra-mantra is the fundamental religious formula of the Jains. A daily prayer always recited in the original Prākrit, it pays homage to the supreme beings or five types of holy being:

  1. arhat - enlightened teacher
  2. siddha - liberated soul
  3. ācārya - mendicant leader
  4. upādhyāya - preceptor or teacher
  5. sādhu - mendicant

Note that chanting the mantra is not praying for something, material or otherwise. Also known as the Pañca-namaskāra-mantra or 'Fivefold Homage mantra', it is also called the Navakāra-mantra or Navkār-mantra in modern Indian languages.

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