The 24 Jinas left teachings and their personal examples to inspire their followers to grow spiritually. The parts of the fourfold community follow in their own ways. Lay men and lay women support the wandering monks and nuns, who vow to live like the Jinas. The growing popularity of Jain studies demonstrates the continuing appeal of this ancient faith.

  • Śreyāṃsa

    The 11th Jina was born, initiated and became omniscient in Hirāmanpur in Sarnath

  • Muni Puṇya-vijaya

    Known as 'Āgama Prabhākara' – 'Light of the Tradition' – for his outstanding scholarship

  • Mayṇāsundarī

    Mayṇāsundarī is the paramount model of a Śvetāmbara Mūrti-pūjāk woman

  • Rājacandra

    Mystical poet and reformer Rājacandra is considered a saint by his followers

  • Dharma

    The most famous temple to the 15th Jina is, unusually, named for its sponsor

  • Marudevī

    Mother of the first Jina, she is also worshipped in her own right

  • Hermann Jacobi

    A pioneering scholar, he proved Jainism an independent religion

  • Malli

    Śvetāmbaras hold the 19th Jina is female but Digambaras say all Jinas are male

  • Padmaprabha

    The name of the sixth Jina means ‘bright as a red lotus’ in Sanskrit

  • Soḷ satī

    The virtuous soḷ satī or 16 satīs are role models for Jain women

  • Puṣpadanta or Suvidhi

    The ninth Jina is known as both Puṣpadanta and Suvidhi

  • Henry Thomas Colebrooke and the Jain tradition

    Eminent 18th-century British Indologist and polymath - All text is © JAINpedia / Institute of Jainology 2021 under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 licence The Jain universe online at

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