Article: Abhinandana

Contributed by Jasmine Kelly

Abhinandananātha or Lord Abhinandana is the fourth of the 24 Jinas of the present cycle of time.

The word Jina means 'victor' in Sanskrit. A Jina is an enlightened human being who has triumphed over karma through practising extreme asceticism and teaches the way to achieve liberation. A Jina is also called a Tīrthaṃkara or 'ford-maker' in Sanskrit – that is, one who has founded a community after reaching omniscience.

This piece is a summary of the article "Abhinandana". The full article will be available soon.

Story and images

This manuscript painting depicts 20 Jinas, probably those between Ṛṣabha, the first one, and Nemi, the 22nd. Omniscient and in the lotus meditation pose, they wear jewellery and have bumps on the crowns of their heads, which signifies great wisdom.

Twenty Jinas
Image by Wellcome Trust Library © Wellcome Library, London

There is no historical evidence of Abhinandana’s existence but traditional writings recount his life as following the usual career of a Jina. Tradition holds that he was born in Ayodhyā and achieved liberation on Mount Sammeta, also known as Pārasnātha Hill.

Abhinandana’s symbolic colour is gold and his emblem the monkey.

Like all Jinas, Abhinandana has a pair of spiritual attendants, often shown in art. His yakṣa is Yakṣanāyaka to Digambaras and Yakṣeśvara to Śvetāmbaras. Digambaras call his yakṣī Vajraśrnkhalā while Śvetāmbaras name her Kālikā.

Related Manuscripts

Related Manuscript Images

  • Universal gathering

    Universal gathering

    British Library. I.O. San. 3177. Unknown author. 1437

  • Ten Jinas

    Ten Jinas

    Victoria and Albert Museum. IS 46-1959. Unknown author. Late 15th to 16th centuries

http://www.jainpedia.org/themes/people/jina/abhinandana/index.html - All text is © JAINpedia / Institute of Jainology 2017 under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 licence The Jain universe online at www.jainpedia.org

Unless images are explicitly stated as either public domain or licensed under a Creative Commons licence, all images are copyrighted. See individual images for details of copyright.