Article: Candraprabha

Contributed by Nalini Balbir

Temples and images

This Jina idol clearly shows the individual emblem – lāñchana – that helps identify him. The crescent moon and the white colour indicate that the Jina is the eighth one. This idol is in the Digambara temple to Candraprabha at Kannalam, Tamil Nadu

Image of Candraprabha
Image by Karine Ladrech © French Institute of Pondicherry

Sculpted images of Candraprabha are available from at least the 4th to 5th centuries CE in north India though they can be found in all areas of the subcontinent (Shah 1987: 142–144 gives several examples). The oldest available image from this period was installed by Mahārājādhirāja Gupta. The Jina is identified by name in the inscription, but no emblem is shown (Shah 1987: 142).

Among the temples to Candraprabha mentioned in medieval literary sources is the one in Somanātha-Pāṭan in Saurāṣṭra. The 14th-century Vividha-tīrtha-kalpa, Jinaprabha-sūri's work on sacred places, also includes it. The same author also describes or narrates episodes relating to specific Candraprabha images.

An image of a Jina can be identified as Candraprabha if at least one of his two distinctive marks is shown:

  • the crescent moon
  • his white complexion.

Examples of depictions of Candraprabha in visual art are provided throughout this article and in the Related links.

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