Article: Deities

Contributed by Nalini Balbir

Further Reading

‘Further Contributions to the History of Jain Cosmography and Mythology ’
Ludwig Alsdorf
Kleine Schriften
edited by Albrecht Wezler
Glasenapp Stiftung series; volume 10
Franz Steiner Verlag GmbH; Wiesbaden, Hesse, Germany; 1974

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‘Samayasundara’s Sāmācārī-śataka and Jain Sectarian Divisions in the Seventeenth Century’
Nalini Balbir
Essays in Jaina Philosophy and Religion
edited by Piotr Balcerowicz
Lala Sundara Jain Research series; volume 20
Motilal Banarsidass; Delhi, India; 2003

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The Antagaḍadasāo and Aṇuttarovavāiya-dasā
translated by Lionel D. Barnett
Royal Asiatic Society; London, United Kingdom; 1907

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The Jaina Iconography
B. C. Bhattacharya
Motilal Banarsidass; Delhi, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh and Patna, Bihar in India; 1974

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‘Absences and Presences: Ganesh in the Shvetambar Jain Tradition’
John E. Cort
Ganesh the Benevolent
edited by Pratapaditya Pal
Marg Publication; Bombay, Maharashtra, India; 1995

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‘Tantra in Jainism: The Cult of Ghaṇṭākarṇ Mahāvīr, the Great Hero Bell-Ears’
John E. Cort
Bulletin d’Etudes Indiennes
volume 15
1997

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‘Worship of Bell-Ears the Great Hero: A Jain Tantric Deity’
John E. Cort
Tantra in Practice
edited by David Gordon White
Princeton Readings in Religions series; series editor Donald S. Lopez Jr.; volume 8
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey, USA and Oxford, UK; 2000

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Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India
John E. Cort
Oxford University Press USA; New York, USA; 2001

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Tapāgacchādhiṣṭhāyaka Yakṣarāja śrī Māṇibhadradeva
edited by Nandalal B. Devakul
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India; 1997

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The Jains
Paul Dundas
Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices series; series editor John Hinnels and Ninian Smart; volume 14
Routledge Curzon Press; London, UK; 2002

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Jaina Iconography
Jyotindra Jain
and Eberhard Fischer
Iconography of Religions – Indian Religions series; volume 13: 12 and 13
Institute of Religious Iconography, State University of Groningen; E. J. Brill; Leiden, Netherlands; 1978

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Life in Ancient India as depicted in Jaina Canon and Commentaries: 6th Century BC to 17th Century AD
Jagdischchandra Jain
Munshiram Manoharlal; Delhi, India; 1984

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Comparative and Critical Study of Mantrashastra (With Special Treatment of Jain Mantravada): Being The Introduction to Sri Bhairava Padmavati Kalpa
Mohanlal Bhagwandas Jhavery
Sri jain kala sahitya samsodhak (Jain Art Publication) series; volume 1
Sarabhai Manilal Nawab; Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; 1944

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Die Kosmographie der Inder: nach den Quellen dargestellt
Willibald Kirfel
Georg Olms; Hildesheim, Lower Saxony, Germany; 1967

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‘Corpus of Jaina Stone Sculptures Bearing grahas as Subsidiary Figures’
Gerd Mevissen
Berliner Indologische Studien
volume 13/14
2000

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‘Planetary Deities on Jaina Images in Stone’
Gerd Mevissen
South Asian Archaeology 1999
edited by Ellen M. Raven
Gonda Indological Studies series; volume 15
Egbert Forsten; Groningen, Netherlands; 2008

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‘Three Interesting Jaina Sculptures from Dinajpur’
Gerd Mevissen
Journal of Bengal Art (Dhaka)
volume 6
2001

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‘Corpus of Hindu and Jaina devī Images Bearing Figures or Symbols of Astral Deities’
Gerd Mevissen
Berliner Indologische Studien
volume 15/16/17
2003

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Vividha Kalpa Saṃgraha: Mul, gujarātī bhāṣāntara, mantra-yantra-tantra no saṃgraha pariśiṣṭo sāthe
Nawab Sarabhai Manilal and Nawab Rajendra Sarabhai
Śrī Jaina kalā sāhitya saṃśodhana granthamālā series; volume 22
Amadāvāda; Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; 1998

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Śrī Bhairavapadmāvatīkalpa: śrīBandhuṣeṇa nī vistṛta ṭīkā tathā śuddha mantragarbhita 31 pariśiṣṭo sahita [aneka yantrakṛtio sāthe] dvitīya saṃvṛddhita āvṛtti [ādya sampādaka Sva. Prof. K.V. Abhyankar]
Malliṣeṇasūriviracita
Nawab Sarabhai Manilal; Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India; 1996

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‘Jain Tantra: Divinatory and Meditative Practices in the Twelfth-Century Yogaśāstra of Hemacandra’
Olle Qvarnström
Tantra in Practice
edited by David Gordon White
Princeton Readings in Religions series; series editor Donald S. Lopez Jr.; volume 8
Princeton University Press; Princeton, New Jersey, USA and Oxford, UK; 2000

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Padmāvatī ādi śāsana devoṃ kā astitva hī nahīṃ
Viradhīlāl Seṭhī
Jain Saṃskr̥ti Saṃrakṣaṇ Samiti

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‘Iconography of the sixteen Jaina Mahāvidyās’
Umakant Premanand Shah
Journal of the Indian Society of Oriental Art
volume 15
1947

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‘Some Minor Jaina Deities: Mātṛka-s and Dikpāla-s’
Umakant Premanand Shah
Journal of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
volume 30: 1
1981

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‘Minor Jaina Deities’
Umakant Premanand Shah
Journal of the Oriental Institute (Baroda)
volume 31: 3
March 1982

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‘Minor Jaina Deities’
Umakant Premanand Shah
Journal of the Oriental Institute (Baroda)
volume 32: 1–2
September to December 1982

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‘Minor Jaina Deities’
Umakant Premanand Shah
Journal of the Oriental Institute (Baroda)
volume 34: 1–2
September to December 1984

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Jaina-Rūpa-Maṇḍana
Umakant Premanand Shah
Abhinav Publications; New Delhi, India; 1987

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The Jain Saga: 63 Illustrious Persons of the Jain World, Brief History of Jainism
Hemacandra
translated by Helen M. Johnson
edited by Muni Samvegayashvijayji Maharaj
Acharya Shrimad Vijay Ramchandra Suriswarji Jain Pathshala; Ahmedabad, Gujarat and Mumbai, Maharashtra, India; 2009

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Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence
Kurt Titze
Motilal Banarsidass; Delhi, India; 1998

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‘Jaina Sculptures and Paintings in the United Kingdom’
Maruti Nandan Prasad Tiwari
Kalā: the Journal of Indian Art History Congress
volume III
1996 to 1997

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‘Brahmanical Deities in Jaina Pantheon and Religious Art’
Maruti Nandan Tiwari
Saṃskṛti Sandhāna
volume IV
1991

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Jaina Art and Aesthetics
Maruti Nandan Prasad Tiwari
and Shanti Swaroop Sinha
Aryan Books International; New Delhi, India; 2011

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Triṣaṣṭiśalākapuruṣacaritra: Lives of the Sixty-three Illustrious Persons
Hemacandra
translated by Helen M. Johnson
Gaekwad's Oriental series; volume 2
Oriental Institute; Baroda, Gujarat, India; 1937

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Historical Dictionary of Jainism
Kristi L. Wiley
Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements series; series editor Jon Woronoff; volume 53
Scarecrow Press; Maryland, USA; 2004

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The Concept of Divinity in Jainism
Robert J. Zydenbos
Centre for South Asian Studies of the University of Toronto; Toronto, Canada; 1993

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