Article: Yogīndu

Contributed by Jérôme Petit

Daulatrām Kāslivāl

This 1868 photograph from 'The People of India' shows a Jain banker in northern India. Jains do not have jobs that involve violence. As part of the fourfold community, lay Jains make donations to temples and give alms to mendicants.

Nineteenth-century Jain lay man
Image by J. Forbes Watson & J. W. Kaye © Smithsonian Institution

The name of Yogīndu came down to later times probably because Daulatrām wrote a Hindi commentary on the Paramātma-prakāśa in the first half of the 18th century. More precisely, he wrote a Hindi rendering of another commentary, which was written in Sanskrit by Brahmadeva, probably in the 13th century.

In other words, between the 16th and 18th centuries some poets translated many important Jain treatises with spiritual tenets into Hindi. This assured them wider access and great popularity among the laity. Yogīndu is one of the writers who benefited from this development.

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